How to Choose Cost-Efficient Industrial Oven
An industrial oven is a piece of heating equipment that is utilized in many industries for many industrial applications like drying, curing, and many others. It performs applications within the industry itself. Processes that require heat treatment use ovens for such applications. One needs to just put the raw material and set the required temperatures for performing certain tasks. Some users use industrial ovens to heat treated parts, cure coatings, and condition metals. The most commonly used types of industrial ovens are continuous and batch. In a batch type, the materials are treated in a large number of parts all at once whereas in a continuous type of industrial oven is a normal one that is responsible for mass production and can include applications such as cooling and heating. Based on how one needs the oven, the operation of it varies. An industrial oven can be operated either by hot water, steam, gas, electricity, fuel oil batch, microwaves, and so on. The loading of products and the pattern of the flow of air varies from one oven to another and these are important for the smooth working of an industrial oven. There are different forms of airflow and these vary accordingly to the type and loading of the products. The heat is distributed evenly by forced convection.
Types of Industrial Oven
There are many types of industrial ovens based on their applications for industrial purposes. Some of the main industrial ovens that are commonly used in industries and their applications are given below:
This is one type of oven that is mainly designed to be used for curing applications which are defined as a heat-treatment process to accelerate a chemical reaction. that is used to accelerate a chemical reaction. The process generally takes place by heating raw material at a particular temperature to cause an activation reaction in the sample. The ovens are used in many different industries for curing and for a wide range of applications like adhesion, coatings, and many others.
This type of oven is generally used for the removal of unwanted moisture from the material and the material can be placed inside the oven. The drying ovens usually have three-major steps in processing the sample. These are:
i. The first step is known as the heat-up: Here, the temperature of the oven is set where moisture from the material can be removed, and the material is first heated at a specific time.
ii. Once the required temperature has reached the first step. The next step is known as soaking, this takes place by leaving the material to be soaked in the heat (at a particular temperature) for a specific amount of time.
iii. The last and final step is the cooling down of the oven which is known as the cool-down stage. Here the heated air comes out of the exhaust of the oven and cool air is allowed to pass from the ambience.
These ovens have been used for various purposes like incubating experiments that are temperature sensitive, sterilization, and for temperature testing works.
Many processes require heat and can be performed easily in such batch ovens. These different heat-requiring processes include drying, curing, ageing, as well as annealing. The batch ovens are generally used at times when the same process is needed to be performed at different timings and also when the raw material that needs to be processed changes in between the batches. The operation of these ovens depends on the production requirements and different raw materials can be kept in batches inside the industrial oven in racks, trucks, or carts. Before manual loading is done but with the advancement in technology automated one has also been designed.
Another one that is more or less similar to batch is the continuous oven. This can perform a wide range of different heat treatment processes. This particular oven is used for the mass production of the same raw material at a consistent heating rate. These consists of separate heating and cooling places that help in speeding up the treatment processes as one need not wait for the chamber to cool down. The time for processing is reduced drastically in such ovens, and the results they gave are always consistent.
INDUSTRIAL OVENS FROM THERMCRAFT
Thermcraft is one of the leading producers or manufacturers of excellent-quality heat-related equipment and industrial ovens are one of them. They have already designed products that are quick to ship as well as fully customized products.
Industrial Oven Uses
Industrial ovens can be used for both large-scale as well as small-scale purposes and these applications can be coatings, drying, curing, baking, and many others that need to be done within an industry. The ovens are also equipment that also removes moisture and also contaminants that are there in a material.
Uses of Industrial Ovens
Some of the main uses of industrial ovens are given below. Ovens have an essential part of most manufacturing industries that can help in improving the performance of product performance and reliability. Industrial ovens have been used tremendously for applications or processes that are very important from the manufacturing point of view. Some of the applications are described in the section below:
Industrial ovens are also used in hospitals which are required for sterilizing medical tools and devices as well as certain instruments and these are commonly known as dry heat sterilizers. Industrial ovens with temperature controllers are commonly used in medical industries where equipment with precise temperature controllers is required for bacteria, microbes, and virus removal. Since industrial ovens have these features, they ideally fit to be used in such places.
Industrial ovens are also utilized in pharmaceutical industries for making pills and also to perform oxidation processes for the removal of unwanted chemicals and excess chemicals from the coatings.
c. Burn-In Testing
Burn-in testing requires industrial ovens for both static and dynamic operations on IC and electronic devices. An example of such are laser diodes. Industrial ovens can be used due to the harsh and hazardous conditions they are providing which are required to detect a problem in a manufactured product. There are two types:
i. Burn-In Board
ii. Burn-In System
Sintering is a process which can improve the strength of the material and its density. This is usually done by bonding the materials below their melting point and forming a compact structure. It is commonly used for moulding and metallurgical applications.
e. Heat Treatment
Another process which requires industrial ovens is the heat treatment process which involves applications such as ageing, annealing, and tempering at required temperatures that can be controlled easily by the user. Ageing strengthens the metal making it hard while annealing stimulates the metal's ductile strength. Tempering on the other hand reduces the brittleness of metals.
Best Ways to Select an Industrial Oven
This article gives 8 criteria that are required to be considered when selecting industrial ovens to give the optimum and maximum efficiencies and smooth operations for the specific applications that are required by the customers.
The criteria to be considered during the Selection Process of an industrial oven are:
1. What is your Heat Processing Requirement?
2. Custom Engineered or Standard Model
3. Air Flow Design
4. Conveyance Options
5. Oven Construction Materials
6. Batch Processing or Continuous Flow
7. Heating Systems
8. Putting it all together for your application a Customer Support Services
FAQs: Industrial Oven
1. Why this is called an industrial oven?
Answer: Industrial ovens are so-called because they are heated chambers that can heat materials needed for many industrial purposes like drying substances, baking, and curing components to obtain the required products or final products of industry.
2. How do I choose an industrial oven for my home?
Answer: While buying an oven to be used at home, some criteria need to be considered. Here are the oven buying considerations for homes:
How much are you looking to spend?
What is the size of your kitchen?
Do you have a gas or electric stove?
What color do you want?
What type of oven are you looking for?
3. How much energy does an industrial oven consume?
Answer: The typical electric oven uses somewhere between 5,000 and 2000 watts, while an electric stove uses about 3,000 watts on average. A 3000-watt oven will therefore cost you roughly Rs. 4.76/hour when operating at a higher heating rate, assuming that energy costs Rs. 1.59/kWh (kilowatt-hour).
4. What is the heating temperature of an industrial oven?
Answer: Industrial ovens, for about a century, have been using natural gas for heating. In this process, the air is passed through a burner from one end to the other using blowers and fans. The air which surrounds the product to be heated becomes hot which in turn performs the heat treatment on the product. The average operating temperature of the ovens that are available commercially in the market is in the range of about 180 F to 1000 F.