Horizontal Centrifugal Pumps are easy to install and repair since their interior components are easily accessible. You may choose the appropriate shaft design to provide the specified pumping pressure. Overhang shafts are best for low suction applications, while in-bearing rods are best for high suction pressure. Horizontal centrifugal pumps may be readily and safely associated with external accessories such as turbines, electric motors, or gasoline engines. Finally, because of the low headroom of a horizontal pump, it is ideal for interior applications where vertical space is typically limited. If floor space is an issue in your operation, a horizontal centrifugal pump will have a bigger footprint. In general, horizontal pumps have lower operating temperatures and pressures than vertical pumps. You also wouldn't want to utilize a horizontal centrifugal pump for an application that requires more NPSH (net positive suction head) than the pump can offer. In that regard, it will be restricted in capability.
Horizontal Centrifugal Pump Types
Radial Flow Pumps
The fluid exits the impeller after 90 degrees of rotation relative to the suction in radial pumps. This category includes the most common centrifugal pumps. The fluid enters the horizontal suction flange and escapes through the vertical outflow flange. As a result, the discharge is perpendicular to the pump's shaft. This design is used when there is a flow restriction, and you want to increase the discharge pressure. As a result, a radial design pump has high pressure and a low flow rate. This category includes most pumps used in the oil and gas sectors.
The fluid in an axial flow pump travels parallel to the shaft. This method is similar to how fuel works. This pump's most important use is when there is a high flow rate and a low-pressure head. They are common in dewatering pumps and water circulation pumps, for example.
Pumps that are mixed
As the name indicates, the fluid flows in a mixed flow pump, combining both radial and axial characteristics. As a result, there is a tradeoff between axial and radial pumps. Mixed pumps provide high flow rates with a moderate rise in the head.
Centrifugal Pump Classification Depending on the number of stages
Depending on the needs and on-site operation circumstances, the pump might have two or more impellers.
Pumps with a single-stage
This pump has a single impeller and a maximum pressure head rise of 125 meters. Single-stage pumps have several benefits, including simple construction, steady operation, fast speed, lightweight, compact volume, high efficiency, excellent flow capacity, and ease of maintenance. Horizontal pumps, vertical pumps, single-suction pumps, and double-suction pumps are the four types of single-stage centrifugal pumps.
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Why horizontal centrifugal pumps are called so?
The shaft of a horizontal centrifugal pump will be flat, often between the bearings or overhung. On the other hand, a vertical centrifugal pump has a vertically oriented shaft. The shaft has a radial split and an overhang.
What exactly are horizontal pumps?
Horizontal pumps are built with the pump head close to the motor on a horizontal plane.
What is the operation of a horizontal centrifugal pump?
A centrifugal pump works by transferring rotational energy from one or more driven rotors known as impellers, which raise the velocity and pressure of the fluid and steer it towards the pump output.
Why are vertical pumps used?
When compared to horizontal pumps, vertical pumps have a smaller footprint. Suitable for applications with a small surface area. The NPSH may be modified, making it appropriate for various applications. Ideal for high-pressure and high-temperature liquids.
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