Soldering equipment is used for joining two or more items together to form a permanent mechanical, for instance, assembling and building a printed circuit board (PCB). It is used in metalwork, electronics, and plumbing. In electronic field, the equipment uses solder (a filler material), basically a metal alloy with lower melting point, which is melted and fused with the workpiece. This helps to form a strong bond without any loss of metal or fusion, unlike welding. The solder is resistant to corrosive effects and oxidation and thus, extensively used in making electrical connections.
Solder acts as a metal filler that is heated at a certain temperature using soldering equipment and placed upon the workpiece to connect pieces. A soldering iron is the most common equipment used by beginners. Its subtype includes temperature-controlled soldering iron, USB soldering iron, and butane soldering iron. Another type is a soldering gun, a pistol-shaped handheld tool, which is electrically powered to heat the soldering tip that heats the solder and applies it onto the workpiece.
Types of soldering equipment:
•Soldering iron: Pen-shaped tool is the most basic one ideal for soldering electronic components like a PCB.
•Soldering gun: Connects to an electric socket. Press the trigger to heat the equipment tip and solder to apply it onto the workpiece.
•Soldering station: A complete kit consisting of one or more soldering tool, temperature control system, and accessories like holders, stands, and tip cleaner.
•Butane soldering iron: Advanced version that is cordless and heats the soldering tip quickly.
•Desoldering station: It uses either vacuum or hot air to melt and remove additional solder after the soldering process.