Diesel Oil is an important part of the automobile industry as well as many industries such as industrial biodiesel. All types of diesel oils are standardised and available as auto fuels, light diesel oil, low sulphur heavy stock, bio-diesel oil and many other varieties. If you consider the production volume of oil, diesel is second next to gasoline. Diesel is produced from crude oil after atmospheric distillation, hydrocracking, and other processes. The primary use of diesel is in automotive engine combustion fuel. Another application of diesel oil is to generate electricity through diesel-run generators. Many industrial areas, institutional facilities and hospitals have diesel-fuelled generators for emergency power backup.
Diesel Oil Properties and Uses
The fuel in the diesel engine is not ignited by a spark but by the heat of compressed air in the cylinder. The energy released on combustion is more than equal volume of gasoline, so it requires less oil than gasoline engines. Diesel engines are therefore more fuel-efficient than gasoline engines. Moreover, the retail price of diesel is always lower than gasoline or other engine fuel because it involves fewer refining steps.
There are different grades of diesel fuel as it depends on the distillation stages. For example, for high-speed engines, light and middle-grade distillates are used (trucks, cars). For heavy load-bearing engines, heavy distillates are used (train, ship).
Diesel Properties and Characteristics
Heat Value is the ratio of energy provided when it is burned. It means the higher the heat value, the engine can produce more power. So, if the heat value is more in the diesel fuel, it will take less fuel to generate the same amount of energy if compared with the less heat value fuel. Cetane rating is the measurement when the diesel fuel ignition is evaluated on the basis of its quality. It directly affects the engine combustion, roughness and longevity. Pure cetane is a colourless hydrocarbon with a rating of 100. It is not technically possible to attain a 100 rating but the purer cetane is, the quicker the ignition.
Sulphur Content in Diesel Fuel - Sulphur content in the diesel fuel is the biggest problem, not just it increases the pollution level but also wear and tear in vehicle’s components like pistons, rings, valves, and cylinders.
Applications of Diesel Oil
Diesel Oil is predominantly used in the automotive sector and marine transportation. It is used to run trucks, buses, tempos, Lorries, auto rickshaws, dumpers, trailers, and various other types of vehicles. The engines of such vehicles are made compatible with the diesel oil. Diesel oil is also used in train locomotives for pulling trains rakes on non-electrified routes. The reason is diesel is cheaper than other fuel types like petrol or gasoline. Diesel is also predominantly used in gen-sets for creating power backups in buildings, offices, theatres, malls and various other places. In the marine sector, it is used in boats and ships for engine propulsion in water.
Diesel Oil is widely used all over the world. Due to its wide usage it remains perpetually in demand. Buyers interested in purchasing the oil may send us all their requirements to us. Sellers at Tradeindia are known for providing the best deals to the buyers at industry leading prices.
How can water and sediment content damage diesel fuel?
Diesel with water content can cause iron oxide to form inside the fuel tank. Furthermore, it can damage fuel system components and injection components, and overall reduces the shelf-life of the machine.
What is a flashpoint?
It means the minimum temperature to which fuel must be heated before it could be ignited. The flashpoint differentiation can be directly related to the risk of explosion. It means the lower the flash, the higher the risk.
What is biodiesel fuel?
Biodiesel fuel is a renewable, biodegradable fuel produced by vegetable oils, animal fats and grease. It can be used in fuel compression ignition engines.
Why viscosity of diesel fuel is important?
High viscosity means a heavier mist of fuel and creates white smoke issues. Conversely, low viscosity produces a lighter mist of fuel and encourages complete combustion.
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