Coconut Cutting Machine a Introduction
The coconut plant belongs to the palm tree group. In fact, the word "coconut" may denote the whole coconut palm, its seed, or the fruit, which in reality is a drupe and not a nut, strictly speaking from a botanical viewpoint. The word coconut derives its nomenclature from the Portuguese language, as the word a cocoa means a head. They generally grow well in tropical regions and are thus mostly found in the coastal belt of the countries. Coconut is widely used as a food, for medicines, beauty products, and fuel as well as in the construction industry. In fact, the coconut is a regularly used item in the cuisine of the tropical people. Coconut meat is a white fleshy sweet edible portion and coconut milk is a delicious addition to many types of food. The coconut fruit is a very versatile fruit. Every part of it has numerous uses. Therefore, as can be seen, the coconut is a fruit offering multiple benefits. Not only is its white meat delicious to eat but even the husk finds usage in the coir industry for making ropes, mattresses, etc. Thus, careful separation of the white meat, husk, shell, and coconut water is very important. Extracting the fruit from the inside of the coconut shell is a very difficult task and difficult to achieve without the help of a tool. Therefore, in order to simplify the process, coconut cutting machines are employed to meet the objective. There are many coconut cutting machine manufacturers in India and most of them are located in areas along the coast. They produce such machines for domestic as well as industrial usage. The cost varies depending on the functionalities.
Coconuts are usually harvested either when they are tender or after they have matured. Tender coconuts are usually green and the shell is easier to cut using sharp tools. In this case, the shell has not evolved into a fibrous coir mass and is white on the inside. The fruit inside has a thin layer of coconut meat inside and the shell around it is still white, and not matured. Tender coconuts are usually preferred by consumers for their excellent and delicious tender coconut water, which has many different minerals, benefitting the human body. The matured dried coconut has a hard exterior shell, covering the fruit. On top of it, there is the coconut husk from which the coir is made, all enclosed in a wrinkled hard mass of the entire coconut fruit. The matured fruit is first dehusked, then the shell is broken to extract the coconut water, and later the meat is extracted from the inside of the shell. As a matured coconut, the meat is thick and difficult to remove from the shell. Thus, here too, coconut cutting machines are important.
Types of Coconut Cutting Machine
As explained above, coconut cutting machines are extremely vital in the coconut industry. A coconut cutting machine is efficient and time-saving. This increases the productivity of the company, and one can find a number of manufacturers of coconut cutting machines in India, especially in states having a long coastline with ample production of coconuts. A coconut cutting machine essentially has the following components, a plunger connected to a sharp heavy-duty knife, a cutting surface, and space below where the husk is collected.
The operation of a coconut cutting machine remains, more or less, the same. Tender coconut is placed on the cutting board, under the knife. The coconut is so placed that the knife doesna t cut through the fruit inside. The operator, through experience, knows how to place the coconut.
Coconut cutting machines can either be automatic or manual. For a small-scale industry, manual cutting machines might be helpful but when it comes to bigger enterprises, they prefer the use of automatic machines, that de-husk the coconut, remove the white meat, and separates the coconut water into separate holding tanks. An automatic coconut cutting machine has a three-phase induction motor at the heart of its operation. This motor ensures that it rotates the sharp blades of the coconut cutting machine to remove the husk of the coconut in as little time as possible.
Features and Specifications for the Coconut Cutting Machine
We all know that the coconut fruit is a very versatile fruit. Every part of it has a commercial value. Therefore, there are various machines associated with the coconut industry. Normally, when one says a coconut cutting machinea , then only the coconut machine used for removing the husks of the coconut comes to mind. However, the fruit of the coconut is thick white meat, from which coconut milk, coconut oil, and other coconut-related items are made. For an automated coconut processing company, there are either different machines used for different purposes or as in modern ones, integrated coconut processing machines that are fed dried coconut fruit as an input and produce oil, milk, husk, etc as an output.
To extract oil from an oil maker machine or home oil press, dried coconut balls are sliced into pieces using a coconut cutting machine. This device may be utilized at home or at a small business. This equipment is simple to use and maintain, and it can swiftly chop the copra for dry coconut oil extraction. The motor in this device has a one-year guarantee. Machines for cutting coconuts and copra are employed on a small scale, such as in household settings, at homes, and in small businesses. This machine is used to separate dried coconut balls into fine-grade coconut pieces that may be utilized with household oil press or oil producer devices to extract oil. Both using and cleaning it are quite simple. reduces the time needed to chop copra at home and makes it simple to extract oil from a dried coconut at home.
A manual dehusking machine has been described in the previous section. However, for an automatic dehusking machine, an induction motor is employed to the effect that sharp blades are mounted on its shaft, capable enough to slide through the outer husk layer of the coconut. This machine is generally of a 2 horsepower rating, and the automatic dehusking machine is available at a price starting from 10,000 rupees. As the blades rotate at a high speed, it shreds through the husk till they reached the hard covering of white meat inside the coconut.
Normally, an electric saw or blade is utilized to cut through this hard shell and the fruit is cut in half. The coconut water is allowed to flow into a holding tank, while the white meat is converted to copra (a dried version of the fresh coconut meat) for extraction of oil. When the copra has become sufficiently dried, it is fed into an oil extractor machine where too, a coconut cutting machine is used to chop this dried coconut meat into small pieces. The machine then presses the pieces to draw out the virgin coconut oil, and this oil is packaged into bottles for sale later on.
These automatic machines have an hourly coconut handling capacity. The higher the rating of the motor used in the coconut cutting machine, more will be the capacity for it to handle a larger number of coconuts. Generally for a manual machine, one can process 15-18 coconuts an hour depending on the skill of the operator. For an automatic machine, depending on the capacity of the motor, the machine can process 200 coconuts and more with a 1 hp motor.
Advantages of Coconut Cutting Machine
There are many advantages of using a coconut cutting machine. Be it manual or automatic, the coconut cutting machine simplifies the job of cutting and processing the coconut. It allows for improved productivity and better operating efficiency of the enterprise. One can process far more coconuts using these machines as compared to doing it by hand. Also, using hand tools to process the coconut is risky as it requires the operation of sharp tools such as knives and machetes.