As climate change and air pollution are causing major catastrophes in the world, there has been an ever-demanding need to look for alternate sources of energy. These sources of energy must be clean and green, that is, they should not emit any harmful greenhouse gas emissions and they should also be safe for the environment. Crude Oil refined products such as Petrol, Diesel, and Kerosene dominate the transport sector while coal has been the backbone of power generation in India. Although these forms of energy are reliable, however, due to the global shortage in its stockpile, and harmful emissions, the world is slowly transitioning to other forms of energy. Petrol & Diesel are liquid fuels having similar energy content or specific energy. It must be recalled that energy density is defined as energy per unit volume of fuel (MJ/cubic meter). Given that diesel is denser than petrol, thus it has a higher energy density compared to petrol, thereby offering a more economical solution than petrol. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) has higher specific energy compared to liquid fuels however they have lower energy density because of the larger volume occupied by it. Hydrogen is another fuel that offers a greener energy solution, offering a very high energy density when compared to CNG, Petrol, and Diesel. There is a serious concerted effort to make hydrogen-based Fuel Cell Electrical vehicles commercial viability. However, it requires storage in a very compressed state under high pressure. Therefore, hydrogen needs a plethora of ancillaries around its tank for safe operation.
Batteries are another energy storage medium used for transportation, out of which Lithium ions-based batteries have shown promise and application for electric vehicles. However, when compared to petrol, Li-ion batteries have around 25 times lesser energy density and 75 times lower specific energy. This means that for the same energy content, the mass of lithium-ion batteries will be 75 times more compared to petrol, while at the same time, needing 25 times more volume for storage compared to petrol vehicles. Ultracapacitors and Ultra flywheels are other promising energy sources. Both of them offer a very high specific power, however, that comes at a cost of limited energy density. This implies that they cannot be used for delivering energy to the vehicle drive system for long. Ultra-flywheels have high energy stored in mechanical form, but are less reliable and are associated with safety concerns when used with electric vehicles.
There are many types of batteries and continuous research has been happening in this domain to look for new materials to make batteries. Of all the materials, Lithium battery or Lithium ion battery shows the most promise. Anode, cathode, separator, electrolyte, and current collectors make up a lithium battery. When the battery is in the charging process, the positive electrode releases part of its lithium ions, which go to the negative electrode via the electrolyte. This energy is captured and stowed by the battery. Lithium ions travel about, creating free electrons and a charge that passes to the gadget being powered.
There are many top battery companies in the world. The companies such as Amara Raja, Exide, Su-Kam, etc manufacture world-class batteries. However, India does not have known deposits of lithium minerals and thus the Indian battery manufacturers import the mineral or recycle lithium from spent batteries. Here is a list of the top 10 Lithium Battery Manufacturers, suppliers, and exporters in India.
1. Exide Industries:
Exide has a long history of being one of the most trusted brands in India, with an incomparable reputation and recall. This is due to the company's unbeatable reputation and recall. It is a clear frontrunner in the field of lead-acid and lithium storage batteries for both automotive and industrial applications due to its consistent focus on innovation, vast geographic reach, strong relationships with marquee clients, and constant technology upgrades with worldwide business partners. These factors have enabled it to achieve this position. It is now India's largest storage battery manufacturer, and it offers the widest selection of both traditional flooded batteries and innovative VRLA batteries. The corporation not only serves the domestic market but also participates in the international trade of batteries.
2. Amara Raja Batteries:
The Tirupati-based Amara Raja Group is an Indian battery behemoth. They are one of the top battery companies in India. The company has operations in many sectors like automotive battery manufacture, packed foods and drinks, electronics product engineering, infrastructure, power system manufacture, sheet metal manufacture, and fastener fabrication. The Amaron vehicle battery brand, owned by the Amara Raja Group, is India's second most popular after Exide Industries. With an income of over USD 1 billion and a global client base of over a billion people, the Amara Raja Group is one of India's fastest-growing corporations. Through their engaged workforce, empowered teams, and collaborative leadership, the organization aspires to better things for the Environment, Society, Customers, Suppliers, People, and Shareholders. The battery giant is switching from lead-acid to lithium-ion batteries and developing electric transportation solutions. It also intends to build a gigafactory to manufacture batteries for electric vehicles.
Read More: Top 10 Battery Manufacturers, Suppliers & Exporters In India
To meet the growing demand for lithium-ion batteries to power electric vehicles and other forms of renewable energy, Li Energy built a gigafactory in India. It can generate 1.2 gigawatts of electricity per year, making it India's most powerful lithium-ion battery installation. Being one of the best lithium-ion battery manufacturers in India, the firm utilises Prismatic Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery Technology. It is suitable for the Indian market because it is risk-free, has a very long lifespan, is very inexpensive, and maintains consistent thermal management. It was founded in the year 2019 in Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, as a privately held firm.
4. Amperex Technology Limited:
The company is the world's leading manufacturer and creator of lithium-ion batteries and proves to be one of the top battery companies in India. They are globally recognized for their high-tech, high-volume expertise in designing, manufacturing, and packaging high-quality rechargeable lithium-ion battery cells and packs. It is a high-tech firm concentrating on offering high-quality rechargeable lithium-ion battery cells, packs, and system integration products, as well as ground-breaking technologies, production services, and high-quality services. Their focus is on manufacturing Li-ion battery packs for electric vehicle applications.
5. Loom Solar:
Loom Solar, situated in Faridabad, Haryana, is a start-up that produces solar panels and lithium batteries. It is one of the leading Lithium Battery Manufacturers. It is an ISO 9001:2015 accredited firm and a government of India-approved startup. It can be found in 500 Indian districts. The company has a large number of dealers dispersed across the country and only one manufacturing facility. The 11th Annual 2019 Golden Bridge Business and Innovation Agencies in the United States of America have recognized Loom Solar with gold and silver awards. Because electric vehicles and grid storage are becoming increasingly popular, the business is also producing Li-ion batteries for these uses.
6. Euclion Energy Private Limited:
Euclion is India's first and only maker of bespoke batteries. Euclion, based in India, has been developing and manufacturing specialized battery solutions for the consumer, commercial, military, medical, and government sectors since 2000. They use their engineering experience and the most modern technologies available worldwide to combine solutions to power client devices while keeping safety, reliability, performance, and cost in mind. Euclion's collaboration provides an unrivaled level of technology and creativity for power solutions. Euclion guarantees to provide an appropriate solution for their clients' demands because they are technology agnostic.
7. Waree Energy Storage Solutions:
Waaree ESS provides complete energy storage solutions, including energy power stations, commercial ESS, street lamp systems, and more. Waaree's ESS technology is capable of meeting practically every need of its consumers, as well as providing customised solutions for various electric power market applications. Li-ion batteries from their company give both economy and high reliability due to their long life, safety, and good performance. Waaree ESS is a leader in the solar energy business, assisting in various ESS solutions – residential, utility, and commercial – that apply to everyday life.
8. Telemax India:
They are one of the most successful manufacturers of high-tech batteries and electrical equipment. They are creating, inventing, and enhancing their products to provide high-quality batteries and other electrical equipment to the industrial market, which positions them as a leader in their sector. In addition to generating high-quality goods, they are efficient about costs. They provide a diverse selection of batteries to cater to the varied requirements of their customers. Some examples of the batteries they produce are lithium batteries, lithium-ion phosphate batteries, and solar light batteries, amongst many more. The location of the company's headquarters may be found in Delhi.
9. TDS Lithium-Ion Battery:
TOSHIBA Corporation, DENSO Corporation, and Suzuki Motor Corporation have together created TDSG. It is India's primary lithium-ion battery manufacturing plant to manufacture and vend lithium-ion batteries to Maruti Suzuki and Suzuki Motor. The plant is located in Gujarat. Suzuki's manufacturing process is based on TOSHIBA's cell technology and DENSO's module technology. The ownership interest in the Lithium-ion battery joint venture was split 50/40 by Suzuki, TOSHIBA, and DENSO (10 percent). This net investment by the three Japanese companies is a total of 180 million dollars.
10. HBL Power:
They are a research-based manufacturing company to fills technology gaps in India by creating and manufacturing quality products and solutions that are in high demand in the country. The company's business strategy prioritizes local solutions. The first goods they successfully created were aircraft batteries, which led to HBL manufacturing one of the world's largest ranges of specialty batteries and becoming the Indian Airforce's top battery supplier. They've been at the forefront of developing new goods and cost-effective solutions that meet crucial needs in various strategic industries for over 40 years. HBL has a global footprint, serving clients in a variety of vital industries.
As the demand for energy storage is rising, this demand is being met by Lithium-Ion batteries due to their high power and energy density. There are many Lithium-Ion Battery Manufacturers that export globally.
FAQs: Lithium Battery
Q. What are the benefits of using Lithium-Ion Battery over lead-acid battery?
Ans. Lithium-ion batteries have a higher power and energy density, making them lightweight and compact.
Q. Are Lithium Ion Batteries safe to use? There are so many fire accidents in news recently!
Ans. Lithium ion batteries, when used in applications such as electric vehicles need to be joined to create a battery pack, to meet the system voltage requirements. Lithium battery packs need a sound thermal management system, to ensure thermal stability.
Q. Why are Lithium batteries so expensive as the other batteries?
Ans. Lithium minerals are not available in India, and that has to be imported. Also, countries with Lithium deposits are reluctant to allow foreign companies to mine.
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