A mineral water plant is a factory that produces certified high-quality water that meets strict quality standards. The raw water is often purified at the factory before being bottled and labeled consistently.

Packaged Water VS Mineral Water

There are certain key differences between packaged potable water and mineral water that need to be understood before we dive into the specifics of beginning an alkaline water plant business. Reverse osmosis is used to filter and process borewell water before it is bottled and distributed to consumers at a packaged potable water factory.

The Trend to Establish Mineral Water Business in India

  • Investing in the water sector has a high potential for rapid and secure financial gains.
  • There is a lot of money to be made in the water plant industry.
  • Safe drinking water will always be in demand among humans.
  • The 1 liter bottle accounted for over 14% of the market share in FY 2018, followed by the 500 ml and the 250 ml sizes. By 2023, the market's volume might have reached 35.53 billion liters, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.2 percent between 2018 and 2023.
  • In FY 2018, the market was valued at Rs 160 billion, and by 2023, it is expected to rise to Rs 403.06 billion, a CAGR of 20.7%.

Major Steps to Start Mineral Water Plant in India

1. Required Locations to Set Up

One of the most important steps in establishing a mineral water plant business is choosing an ideal and convenient location. Production facilities and administrative offices should occupy separate buildings.

The following should be taken into account when settling on a location:

  • The ideal site would be situated close to an abundant supply of water. Do not pick a location with a shortage of water. The location you've chosen should have reliable access to both water and power. Without both, your mineral water plant will not be able to function properly, resulting in substantial financial losses.
  • It's important to locate alkaline water manufacturers factory close to major consumer hubs. In challenging circumstances or emergencies, it should be easy to make supply runs to the market.
  • It's important that the chosen spot is accessible by road.

2. Investment

Depending on the size of your operation and the machinery you plan to utilize, the initial investment for a 1000 square foot Mineral Water Business or Alkaline Water Business might range from Rs. 8,00,000 to Rs.1,00,00,000.

3. Different Tools and Machinery Required

Chemical and mechanical processes are used in mineral water processing plants. Depending on your budget and packaging needs, you'll want to choose the appropriate machinery. Select the level of automation that best fits your needs and budget from the range of available semi-automatic and fully-automatic machines.

Below are some Machineries and Tools



Treatment Tank 

Rs.90,000 - Rs. 5,00,000

RO System 

Rs 80,000- Rs 4,00,000

Storage Tank 

Rs 8,000-Rs 10,000

PET bottle Blower Machine 

Rs 1,75,000- Rs 5,50,000

Water Filling Machine 

Rs 2,00,000- Rs 16,00,000

Bottle Wrapping Machine 

Rs 1,00,000- Rs 4,50,000

UV Disinfection System 

Rs 60,000- Rs 1,00,000

Electronic doser for Alum and Chorine

Rs 30,000- Rs 70,000

Water Dispenser and Sterilizer 

Rs 15,000

Chlorination Tanks 

Rs 14,000- Rs 60,000

Activated Carbon Filter 

Rs 25,000- Rs 80,000

Micron Filter 

Rs 6000- Rs 40,000

4. Registration and License

A variety of state governments may have varying lists of necessary licenses. As such, it is wise to research the regulations imposed by each state.

Farm Registration:

  • Legally, a business can begin operations by completing the procedure of incorporation. For legal purposes, a corporation is treated as a separate entity from its owners.
  • These companies are recognized by the inclusion of "Limited" or "Inc." in their names. As such, it is treated as a separate entity in law from its owners.
  • When starting a company, it's important to know the distinction between getting your company registered and getting it incorporated. Both of these options would suffice to make the company legitimate. The main distinction is that an incorporated business has the status of a separate legal entity. As an added bonus, forming a company can protect the owner's personal assets from being used to settle the business's debts or settle a lawsuit.
  • Company incorporation offers legal protection for your assets, but business registration does not. Getting a business license, which is necessary in some places to conduct business, is the primary motivation for forming a legal corporation.

ISI Certification issued by The Bureau Of Indian Standards (BIS):

Since 1955, the ISI mark has been recognized as a symbol of quality assurance in India. When alkaline water brands product bears the BIS mark, it guarantees that it meets the Indian standard (IS) established by that country's highest regulatory agency. ISO certification is voluntary for several product categories.

The BIS and its regulations must be followed to the letter. The Mineral Water Plant must obtain BIS certification in order to comply with GOI regulations.

5. Keep in the mind the source of water and place for the storage of the same

When establishing a mineral water facility in India, this is one of the most critical considerations. It is important to know that mineral water facilities often employ water sourced from natural resources like springs, ponds, mountain runoff, and so on.

Because the water from these springs contains essential minerals like iron, magnesium, calcium, and so on, they are considered one of the best natural resources. It's good for humans to drink this water.

Also Read: Leading Best Quality Mineral Water Companies in India

6. Obtain Food license from the Good Safety and Standard Authority of India

The Indian Food Safety and Standards Authority (FSSAI) have mandated strict regulations for the country's mineral water production facilities. The government is cracking down hard on unlicensed eateries. Accordingly, the packaged alkaline water manufacturers in india is required by law to obtain a food license.

7. Pollution Control Certificate From SPCB

Pollution control certificates are issued by the state pollution control board in exchange for an electronic application and electronic copies of the necessary papers.

  • Certificate of Registration or Incorporation for a Business
  • Detailed information about the plant's equipment, including its power rating and the number of DG sets it contains
  • Verified plant layout by appropriate staff

8. Hire Experienced Staff and Dynamic Workforce

A company's success is proportionate to the effort of its employees. Starting a mineral water company is simple, but keeping it successful requires constant effort. To launch a successful firm, you must first assemble the appropriate workforce. Recruit hardworking personnel that are committed to meeting production goals and taking initiative throughout the plant.

9. Process of purifying water and packing method

Follow the below steps:

  • Water should be stored in a tank after being gathered at the source.
  • Water can be filtered by sitting for an hour or two to remove any contaminants.
  • Chlorine gas should be bubbling in the tank. To a lesser extent, it is also the preliminary sterilization procedure.
  • Pass the water through the sand filters to get rid of the particles that can't be dissolved in water.
  • The next step is to dechlorinate, remove any remaining contaminants, and change the water's hue by passing it through a carbon filter.
  • After that, the water goes through a series of microfilters and a UV disinfection system for final purification.
  • At the water bottling factory, the filling machine adds the final touch before the water is ready for distribution.
  • The ozone generator is then used to help seal the bottles.
  • The final step involves labeling the bottles such that they are both consumable and marketable.

10. Price

In India, you can expect to pay anything between INR 40 and INR 60 per liter for a bottle of natural mineral water.

After factoring in the whole cost of operating a water bottling factory, which will inevitably include the cost of producing water in a water bottle with alkaline water machine, you may determine an appropriate selling price.

11. Marketing

Here's a secret, though: the rich and famous are the ones that are the most about the quality of the water they consume.

Additionally, they favor mineral-rich water for general health and fitness. If you can find a way to attract them, you'll see a huge uptick in sales and revenue for your alkaline water enterprise.

A compelling notion is all that is needed to win them over, and once they've acknowledged its value, they're likely to become a loyal customer.

The thirstiest travelers will be found at airports, train stations, and bus terminals, therefore it makes sense to supply them with water as well.


Mineral water production is an involved procedure that requires multiple stages of filtering and disinfecting the raw water. Establishing a mineral water factory will cost more money depending on how much pure water you need to make. As a result, before you commit a lot of money to the enterprise, you should investigate and gain more clarity on your business goal.

FAQs: Mineral Water

Q. Is alkaline water dangerous?

Ans: No, you shouldn't worry about drinking alkaline water unless you already have renal illness.

Q. Who isn't supposed to drink alkaline water?

Ans: Elderly people (those 60 and up) are particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of alkaline water. Milk-alkali syndrome is the term used by medical professionals to describe digestive issues brought on by drinking excessive amounts of alkaline water.

Q. Is alkaline water harmful to the kidneys?

Ans: Regular consumption of alkaline water is risk-free and can help your kidneys work at peak efficiency.

Q. When should you drink alkaline water?

Ans: It's best to wait at least half an hour before drinking anything, and up to two hours after eating.

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