Fax Machines

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    • Electronic Fax Machines

      Electronic Fax Machines

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      We are offering a wide array of Fax Machines in Hyderabad that are ideal for connections with standards telephone line to send and receive pictures or text and getting printing out of the received cop...More
      locationSecunderabad, India Shop No. 2 & 23, Ground Floor, Minerva Complex, S D Road,
      12 Years Member Since : 12 YearsCatalog:-https://imagebusiness.tradeindia.com/Domestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiries
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      With passionate devotion and effort of our team of skilled professionals, we are involved in distributing, trading and supplying a supreme quality range of Fax Machine in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India...More
      locationIndore, India SHOP NO-38, JETHWA CHEMBER, JAORA COMPOUND, OPPOSITE M.Y HOSPITAL,
      2 Years Member Since : 2 YearsDomestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiriesfeedback4Buyer Feedback
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    • Canon Brand Fax Machines

      Canon Brand Fax Machines

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      • Fax Resolution:Vary
      • Delivery Time:15 Days
      • Payment Terms:Cheque, Cash in Advance (CID)
      locationDelhi, India Office N.- 202, Vikas Surya Plaza, Plot N.- 7, Community Center, Road No. 44, Near M2K Cinema, Ranibagh, Pitampura,
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    • Multifunction Laser Fax Machine
      We are involved in supplying and trading an excellent quality Multifunction Laser Fax Machines to our most valued customers. Our presented Multifunction Laser Fax Machines are widely appreciated by ou...More
      locationMumbai, India Plot No. 79/D, Kamgar Nagar CHS, S.G. Barve Marg, Kurla East, Mumbai City,
      Catalog:-https://essjaycopier.tradeindia.com/feedback4Buyer Feedback
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    • Easy To Use Canon Fax Machine
      We have established a distinct position in the market by affianced in exporting, manufacturing, wholesaling, supplying and trading a quality proven array of Canon Fax Machine for our important clients...More
      locationMumbai, India Office No. 2, 2nd Floor, Doctor house, 113, Bora Bazar Street, Fort,
      Domestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiries
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    • XEROX A4 COPY PAPER 80G COPIER 75 gsm, 70 gsm 500 sheets For Laser inkjet printers copiers fax machines
      • MOQ: 1000 Box
      • Payment Terms:Others, Paypal, Western Union, Telegraphic Transfer (T/T)
      • Supply Ability:50000 Per Week
      • Delivery Time:12 Days
      locationSchilde, Belgium Veldlei 84/3 2970,
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    • Canon Fax Machine

      Canon Fax Machine

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      • MOQ: 1 Piece
      • Supply Ability:10 Per Week
      • Delivery Time:10 Days
      locationPatna, India Sumitra Devi Path, South Mandiri, Behind Patna Museum,
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    • Optimum Performance Fax Machines
      • Size:Standard Size Available
      • Wireless:Yes
      • Type:Fax Machines, Other
      locationChandigarh, India SCO - 183, Sector - 8, Madhya Marg,
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    • Sharp Fax Machine

      Sharp Fax Machine

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      We deliver our customers a good range of Sharp Fax Machine. This machine rings to indicate a phone call and it will immediately go into fax reception mode when a fax tone is detected and fax and phone...More
      locationChennai, India No. 71/22, Cheran Street, Pari Nagar, Jaferkhanpet,
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    • Cash Add Fax Rolls Making Machine
      • General Use:Cash Add Fax Roll Making
      • Feature:High Efficiency, Lower Energy Consumption, Low Noise, High Performance, Stable Operation, Simple Control
      • Product Type:Paper Roll Making Machine
      locationFaridabad, India Plot No. 72, Sector-6, Industrial Estate,
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      Owing to our expertise in this domain, we are Supplier, Trading Company of Fax Machine in Vapi, Gujarat, India. One can send as well as receive the documents through the phone line in quick time. We s...More
      locationVapi, India 110, Patil Chamber, New Telephone Exchange, Char Rasta,
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    • Canon Fax Machines

      Canon Fax Machines

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      We offer our clients with a wide range of Canon Fax Machines that is easy to operate and needs low maintenance. Offered at competitive prices, these machines are available with various features such a...More
      locationDelhi, India Plot No- F 305, Third Floor, Preet Vihar, Aditya Arcade, Near CBSE Building,
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      A stylish, affordable and easy to use plain paper fax machines model B , you can have affordable faxing perfection from a stylishly compact and easy to use unit complete with integrated handset. A nev...More
      locationNew Delhi, India Plot No.C-107, NR Park, Lajpat Nagar- II, Near Lajpat Nagar Metro Station,
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    • Telecommunicators Fax Machines
      Our range of Fax Machines are great way to transfer and receive documents in failsafe method. Based on most advanced technology the fax machines offered by us are capable of data transfer of very high...More
      locationNew Delhi, India Building No.No.16/2, Sewak Bhawan, First Floor, WEA, Karol Bagh, Opp.Dhan Laxmi Bank,
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    • Fax Encryptor

      Fax Encryptor

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      Our company has earned fame and name in the supplying and manufacturing of Fax Encryptor in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. FAX Encryptor is terminal end Secrecy device designed to encrypt / decrypt Voic...More
      locationBengaluru, India Gate No. 5, Building Number F-21, Second Floor, ITI Limited, Dooravani Nagar,
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      We are manufacturing and supplying a wide range of Fax Machine to our valuable customers. The Fax Machines offered by us in high in demand owing to their high speed laser printing, optimum performance...More
      locationMumbai, India No 303A, BHAGTANI ENCLAVE, BEHIND ASIAN PAINTS, BHANDUP (WEST),
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    • Sharp Fax Machine

      Sharp Fax Machine

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      Our company is a well known trader and supplier of Sharp Fax Machine in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. These are manufactured by optimum grade material and latest technology under the knowledge of adroit...More
      locationMumbai, India 208, ABBA Commercial , Station road, Opp Platform no.1, Next to Amber Hotel, Jogeshwari West,
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    • Franking Machines

      Franking Machines

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      We are offering our client an excellent quality range of Franking Machines. These Franking Machines have brought a revolution in cost effective convenience for up-and-coming businesses, at home or in ...More
      locationChennai, India No. 14H, Ground Floor, M.V. Flats, School Street, Koyambedu,
      Domestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiries
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    • SRI BALAJI Fax Machines

      Sri Balaji Fax Machines

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      We are involved in offering superior quality range of Fax Machines, which help in sending files and data from one location to another. These Fax Machines are great way to transfer and receive document...More
      locationChennai, India Old No. 53/2, New No. 26, Sait Colony, 2nd Street, Near City, Finance, Egmore,
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    • Fax Teleprinter Cash Rolls Machine
      Our enterprise is a reliable entity in this domain, engrossed in manufacturing, exporting and supplying a wide range of Fax Teleprinter Cash Rolls Machine . Offered machine is efficiently manufactured...More
      locationBallabgarh, India Plot No-18, Gali No-7, Bhudatt Colony,
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    • EPABX Machine

      Epabx Machine

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      We are offering high quality EPABX Machine to our most reliable customers which are situated all round the nation. These EPABX Machine are available in various specifications and dimensions....More
      locationDelhi, India U-70, 3rd Floor, Near Laxmi Nagar Metro Station, Shakarpur,
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    • Express Fax Machines

      Express Fax Machines

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      Fax -Thermal-Plain Paper-Laser & Multifunction machines from world leaders like Panasonic, HP, Samsung, Canon, Brother etc....More
      locationMumbai, India Office No-G-2,Bahri Bldg No-3-A,Ground Floor, T. J. Road, Cotton Green (W),
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    • FAX machines

      Fax Machines

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      FAX Machines Although communication by email has replaced communication by faxing in a majority of cases, Fax machines are still used for speedily sending copies of documents without scanning them. Al...More
      locationThane, India 303, Yashodeep, V.S. Path, Tembhi Naka,
      Domestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiries
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      We are among the prominent names in the industry, engaged in distributing, supplying and trading of Fax Machine in Tirupur, Tamil Nadu, India. This machine is highly acknowledged by our precious clien...More
      locationTirupur, India No: 10,State Bank Colony,3rd street, Samadhanapuram, Selva Vinayagar Temple (opp), Rayapuram,
      feedback4Buyer Feedback
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    • Fax Machine

      Fax Machine

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      Leveraging on our vast industry experience, we are offering our clients a finest quality range of Fax Machine . This machine is widely used in offices, hotels, banks and various other industries for t...More
      locationNew Delhi, India 461/6, Prem Nagar, West Patel Nagar,
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    • Laser Fax (Fax8360p) Machine
      • Main Domestic Market:All India
      • Delivery Time:within 1 Week
      • Payment Terms:Others, Cash Against Delivery (CAD)
      locationVapi, India 110, vardhman complex, near sahara market, silvasa road,
      feedback5Buyer Feedback
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    • EXCEL Fax Machines

      Excel Fax Machines

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      We have come out with a wide range of smart and sturdy fax machines to our customers. We offer these fax machines, which comes with simple commands for easy operations. These products are easy to use ...More
      locationChennai, India Regency House, 1St Floor, No. 341, No. 250, Mount Road, Teynampet, Opp. Congress Ground,
      Domestic InquiriesAccepts only Domestic Inquiries
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    • Facsimile Fax Machines (FO-51)
      • Main Domestic Market:All India
      • Main Export Market(s):Asia
      • Sample Policy:Contact us for information regarding our sample policy
      locationSurat, India 8, Sanskar Flats, Opposite Hariom Petrol Pump L. P. Savani Road, Adajan,
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    • Office Laser Fax Machine

      Office Laser Fax Machine

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      • Main Export Market(s):Asia
      • Payment Terms:Others, Telegraphic Transfer (T/T)
      • Main Domestic Market:All India
      locationMumbai, India Office No-18, Saibaba Shopping Centre, Opposite Navjivan Society Post Office, Keshavrao Kadam Marg, Mumbai Central,\\015\\012
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    • Fax Machinery

      Fax Machinery

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      We are Manufacturing, Distributing and Supplying an extensive variety of Fax Machinery in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India to our customer. These items are made of value crude material and advanced technolo...More
      locationMumbai, India PLOT NO D-270, OSHIWARA INDUSTRIAL ESTATE, OPP OF GOREGOAN BUS DEPOT, GOREGAON WEST,
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    Fax Machines

    Fax machineBack in those old and dark years, when an impatient client wanted documents rushed from the offices located in geographical corners, they were usually sent via courier or air express. But that was before the facsimile machine (or simply the Fax Machine) arrived in their offices. Now, instead of handing rush documents to mere mortals, they feed them into the Fax Machine that can send a document to another machine across cities or on the other side of the world in less than 30 seconds

    The word Fax originates from the latin words fac simile meaning "making a copy". Fax is a telecommunication technology used to transfer copies (facsimiles) of documents, especially using affordable devices operating over the telephone network. The word telefax, short for telefacsimile, for "make a copy at a distance", is also used as a synonym. The device is also known as a telecopier in various places.

    To fax or faxing is by definition "a method of encoding data, transmitting it over a telephone line or radio broadcast and receiving a hard copy of the text, line drawings, or photographs at a remote location".

    The technology for Fax Machines was invented a long time, however, Fax Machines did not become popular with consumers until the 1980s.

    History of Fax Machines:

    Bain's machine 
    The first Fax Machine was invented by Scottish mechanic and inventor Alexander Bain. In 1843Alexander Bain received a British patent for improvements in producing and regulating electric currents and improvement in timepieces and in electric printing and signal telegraphs, in laymen's terms a Fax Machine.
    In 1862, the Italian physicist Giovanni Caselli built a machine he called a pantelegraph (implying a hybrid of pantograph and telegraph), which was based on Bain’s invention, but also included a synchronizing apparatus. His pantelegraph was used by the French Post & Telegraph agency between Paris and Marseilles from 1856 to 1870.
     Glovanni casseli
    Elisha Gray (1835-1901), American inventor, born in Barnesville, Ohio invented and patented many electrical devices, including a facsimile transmission system. He also organized a company that later became the Western Electric Company. 

    In 1902Arthur Korn (1870-1945) in Germany invented telephotography, a means for manually breaking down and transmitting still photographs by means of electrical wires. In 1907, Korn sent the first inter-city fax when he transmitted a photograph from Munich to Berlin. 

    In 1925
    Edouard Belin (1876-1963) in France constructed the Belinograph. His invention involved placing an image on a cylinder and scanning it with a powerful light beam that had a photoelectric cell which could convert light, or the absence of light, into transmittable electrical impulses. The Belinograph process used the basic principle upon which all subsequent facsimile transmission machines would be based. In 1934, the Associated Press introduced the first system for routinely transmitting "wire photos," and 30 years later, in 1964, the Xerox Corporation introduced Long Distance Xerography (LDX). 

    For many years, facsimile machines remained cumbersome, expensive and difficult to operate, but in 1966 Xerox introduced the Magnafax Telecopier, a smaller, 46-pound facsimile machine that was easier to use and could be connected to any telephone line. Using this machine, a letter-sized document took about six minutes to transmit. The process was slow, but it represented a major technological step. In the late 1970s, Japanese companies entered the market and soon a new generation of faster, smaller and more efficient fax machines became available.

    How Bain's Fax Machine Worked:
    Alexander Bain's Fax Machine transmitter scanned a flat metal surface using a stylus mounted on a pendulum.

    The stylus picked up images from the metal surface. An amateur clock maker, Alexander Bain combined parts from clock mechanisms together with telegraph machines to invent his Fax Machine. 

    How Earlier Fax Machines Worked:

    Most of the early designs involved a rotating drum. To send a fax, one would attach the piece of paper to the drum, with the print facing outward. There was a small photo sensor with a lens and a light. The photo sensor was attached to an arm and faced the sheet of paper and the arm could move downward over the sheet of paper from one end to the other as the sheet rotated on the drum. In other words, it worked something like a lathe.

    The photo sensor was able to focus in and look at a very small spot on the piece of paper -- perhaps an area of 0.01 inches squared (0.25 millimeters squared). That little patch of paper would be either black or white. The drum would rotate so that the photo sensor could examine one line of the sheet of paper and then move down a line. It did this either step-wise or in a very long spiral.

    To transmit the information through a phone line, early Fax Machines used a very simple technique: If the spot of paper that the photo cell was looking at were white, the Fax Machine would send one tone; if it were black, it would send a different tone. For example, it might have sent an 800-Hertz tone for white and a 1,300-Hertz tone for black.

    At the receiving end, there would be a similar rotating-drum mechanism, and some sort of pen to mark on the paper. When the receiving Fax Machine heard a 1,300-Hertz tone it would apply the pen to the paper, and when it heard an 800-Hertz tone it would take the pen off the paper. 

    How Modern Fax Machines Work:
    A modern Fax Machine does not have the rotating drums and is a lot faster, but it uses the same basic mechanics to get the job done. A modern Fax Machine uses telephone lines to transmit copies of documents. At the sending end, there is some sort of sensor to read the document. 

    Fax machineIt has a scanner with a horizontal resolution of 203 pixels per inch. It is the source projecting a light beam and a photo electric cell. Usually, a Fax Machine has a paper-feed mechanism for sending multi-page faxes. If one looks carefully at a line in a page, one would observe the line would either cut across the black text or blank spots. The scanner then determines whether that spot of paper is white or black. The information is then encoded and is represented as a bit. And each line is represented by 1,728 bits.

    It encodes white and black spots that the Fax Machine sees on the paper and transfers it to the receiving end. The encoded data is compressed before sending. At the receiving end it is decoded, uncompressed and reassembled into the scanned lines of the original document and then printed. 

    In short, Fax Machines work by digitizing an image i.e. dividing it into a grid of dots. Each dot is either on or off, depending on whether it is black or white. Electronically, each dot is represented by a bit that has a value of either 0 (off) or 1 (on). In this way, the Fax Machine translates a picture into a series of zeros and ones (called a bit map) that can be transmitted like normal computer data. On the receiving side, a Fax Machine reads the incoming data, translates the zeros and ones back into dots, and reprints the picture.

    Basic Features of a Fax Machine:
    Printing Technology: Nearly all fax machines use plain office paper. Less expensive models generally use thermal printing technology, and printouts don't have the same longevity as inkjet faxes. Inkjet faxes can usually print, copy and fax in colour. Laser fax machines are also available, though most are monochrome units. Laser fax machines usually print sharper text.

    Speed: Transmission speed ranges from about 15 seconds per page up to about 3 seconds per page. If you only need to send the occasional fax, you can save money by going with a slower model.

    Memory: Fax machines store incoming and outgoing pages in memory. This lets the machine save an incoming fax in memory if it runs out of paper, and then print the fax when the paper tray is reloaded. You should shoot for at least 512KB of memory, although some newer models have 8 to 16MB (up to 480 pages).

    Other features: Besides speaker phones and digital answering machines, some fax machines include such features as caller ID, a distinctive ring that enables it to distinguish between a human or fax machine call, auto redial, fax forwarding, polling, and speed dialing. You'll have to decide if you need those features. 

    Different Types of Fax Machines:
    Fax Machines are usually differentiated by the features they have.

    By Speed: Fax Machines transmit data at different rates, from 4,800 bps to 28,800 bps. A 9,600-bps Fax Machine typically requires 10 to 20 seconds to transmit one page.

    Printer type: Most Fax Machines use a thermal printer that requires special paper that tends to turn yellow or brown after a period. More expensive Fax Machines have printers that can print on regular bond paper.

    Paper size: The thermal paper used in most Fax Machines comes in two basic sizes: 8.5-inches wide and 10.1-inches wide. Some machines accept only the narrow-sized paper.

    Paper cutter: Most Fax Machines include a paper cutter because the thermal paper that most Fax Machines use comes in rolls. The least expensive models and portable faxes, however, may not include a paper cutter.

    Paper feed: Most Fax Machines have paper feeds so that you can send multiple-page documents without manually feeding each page into the machine.

    Auto-dialing: Fax Machines come with a variety of dialing features. Some enable you to program the fax to send a document at a future time so that you can take advantage of the lowest telephone rates. 

    Fax Machine Timeline:
    Many inventors after Alexander Bain, worked hard on inventing and improving Fax Machine type devices.
    » In 1843 the first Fax Machine was invented by Scottish mechanic and inventor Alexander Bain. 
    » In 1850, a London inventor named F. C. Blakewell received a patent what he called a "copying telegraph".
    » In 1860, a Fax Machine called the Pantelegraph sent the first fax between Paris and Lyon. The Pantelegraph was invented Giovanni Caselli.
    » In 1895, Ernest Hummel a watchmaker from St. Paul, Minnesota invented his competing device called the Telediagraph.
    » In 1902, Dr Arthur Korn invented an improved and practical fax, the photoelectric system.
    » In 1914, Edouard Belin established the concept of the remote fax for photo and news reporting.
    » In 1924, the telephotography machine (a type of Fax Machine) was used to send political convention photos long distance for newspaper publication. It was developed by the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) worked to improve telephone fax technology.
    » By 1926, RCA invented the Radiophoto that faxed by using radio broadcasting technology.
    » In 1947, Alexander Muirhead invented a very successful Fax Machine.
    » On March 4, 1955, the first radio fax transmission was sent across the continent.

    Conclusion:
    In recent years Fax Machines have been very successful and proven themselves extraordinarily. Today Fax Machines are in many cases replacing mail letters since facsimiles are received in a much shorter time. They are used by virtually all businesses and in many home as a means to transmit documents, images and drawings across the street or around the globe.

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