Reaction Vessels are the containers that allow any chemical reaction to happen within them. They are built specifically for conducting chemical reactions. Let’s explore the interesting world of chemical reactions, the vessels that make them possible, and the Reaction Vessel Manufacturers & suppliers that provide them. In this blog, we will take a look at the different types of chemical pressure vessels, their applications, and the manufacturers and suppliers who provide the best reaction vessels.

What are Reaction Vessels?

Reaction vessels are containers used for carrying out chemical reactions, like synthesis, extraction, and purification processes in the chemical industry. Most commonly, these vessels are made of glass or stainless steel. The size of the vessel can vary according to the distinct needs of the industry like small-scale laboratory vessels or large-scale industrial vessels. Features of reaction vessels like stirring mechanisms, temperature control systems, and ports for adding or removing substances can help carry out the reactions safely and efficiently which as a result would produce the desired product. Chemical reaction vessels are extensively used in the Chemical, Food, Pharma, and Paints Industries for liquid formulation and solid-liquid mixing. These vessels can be used for chemical reactions varying from small-scale experiments in a laboratory to large-scale industrial processes as they are designed to withstand conditions such as high temperatures, varying pressure, and corrosive or reactive chemicals. There are different types of vessels available in different sizes and materials to fulfill the different requirements of the chemical industry.

Types of Reaction Vessels

Reaction vessels are designed specifically to facilitate different types of reactions which makes them a crucial component in the different chemical processes. Here are the different types of reaction vessels:

  • Glass Reactors are vessels made out of the borosilicate type and hence suitable for laboratory tests on a small scale. They are resistant to heat and chemical corrosion.
  • Stainless Steel Reactors are made of corrosion-resistant stainless steel that is also strong enough for commercial-sized industrial facilities. These reactors are tough enough to withstand high pressure and temperatures.
  • Jacketed Reactors have two walls through which heated or cooled fluid is circulated to ensure desired temperatures within the vessels. They are extremely flexible and can be used in numerous fields.
  • High-pressure Reactors are pressure-resistant vessels that are suitable for reactions under high-pressure settings and can be applied to numerous chemical reactions.
  • Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTR) are equipped with a continuous stirring mechanism that allows mixing and heat transfer during the reactions so that they can be effective. They are commonly applied in the oil and oil business.
  • Fixed Bed Reactors are chemical reaction containers used for catalytic reactions. The design of these involves static catalyst beds through which the reactant is passed for transformational conversion to products.
  • Batch Reactors are highly adaptable ships that may be used for conducting experiments and processes that are executed in separate lots like research and development processes.
  • Plug Flow Reactors (PFR) are suitable for very low back-mixing processes to ensure a controlled reaction. These are typically used in the chemical and petroleum industries.

Top 10 Reaction Vessel Manufacturers & Suppliers in India

Baaf Engineers (P) Ltd.

Baaf Engineers is a leading company that offers custom-designed quality process equipment (reactors, heat exchangers, and pressure vessels). They are committed to offering precision engineering solutions for various industrial requirements.

M. D. Engineering Company

M.D. Engineering Company specializes in manufacturing industrial reactors, distillation systems, and heat exchangers and is leading in the global market. They specialize in customized solutions for clients from different industries.

Aab Heat Exchangers Pvt. Ltd.

Aab Heat Exchangers Pvt. Ltd. is a company that specializes in heat transfer solutions. They produce different types of shell and tube heat exchangers used in petrochemical, chemical, and power generation industries among others.

Hardcore Engineers

Hardcore Engineers is a firm that makes process equipment like reactors, heat exchangers, and columns. They offer products of top quality and reliability in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and petrochemical industries.

Sandeep Industries

Sandeep Industries is an internationally known maker of industrial boilers and pressure vessels. They have efficient and dependable products that make them a choice of preference for many applications in the industry.

Sri Durga Fabricators

Sri Durga Fabricators specializes in the fabrication of tanks, reactors, and pressure vessels. They offer high levels of craftsmanship and conformity to quality standards in sectors such as chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

Pressure Vessel 

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Steel Craft Fabricators

Steel Craft Fabricators is a company that fabricates various types of stainless equipment among them reactors, pressure vessels, and storage tanks. They design their products in compliance with the high industry standards ensuring safety & reliability.

Malik Polychem Private Limited

Malik Polychem produces chemical process equipment such as reactors, storage tanks, and heat exchangers. These products are designed to last in corrosive conditions that would apply to a chemical plant.

New Age Machines And Instruments

New Age Machines and Instruments offers advanced solutions for process equipment such as reactors and heat exchangers. They are committed to offering top-quality products at the most economical rates.

Kavita Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.

Kavita Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd. engages in the production of pressure vessels, reactors, and process equipment, among others. Their company is a renowned precision engineering company that is committed to the delivery of first-class products to industries such as chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

To conclude, reaction vessels are vital devices for carrying out a wide range of reactions safely and effectively in the world of chemical processes. These vessels range from glass to stainless steel to suit different industry requirements. It is important to appreciate their nature and applicability for successful chemical operations in the industries.

FAQs: Reaction Vessels

Q. How Does A Reaction Vessel Work?

Ans. Reaction vessels provide a conducive atmosphere for chemical reactions. Equipped with stirrings mechanism and control systems it ensures uniform mixing while maintaining optimum reaction conditions. The vessel has ports through which reactants are introduced and converted into the desired products. The reactivity and the pressure requirements determine the vessel’s construction material, glass or stainless steel. The vessel in high-pressure reactors is designed to operate under high-pressure conditions. As a whole, a reaction vessel is considered one of the most important components for different production lines that are involved in many industries.

Q. What are the Types of Jackets used for Reaction Vessels?

Ans. There are three major types of jackets used for reaction vessels: Conventional (Standard) Jackets surround the exterior of the vessel. These jackets for the vessels allow for heating or cooling by circulating a heat transfer fluid. They are cost-effective which is why they are used in several industries. Half-pipe jackets are made of welded pipes attached to the vessel's exterior surface. They increase heat transfer capabilities and are perfect for applications in which more intensive temperature control is required. Dimple jackets consist of a series of dimples, also known as depressions on the vessel's surface. The dimples act as channels to circulate the heat transfer fluid in order to provide efficient heat transfer. These jackets are most commonly used for sensitive chemical reaction processes which require precise temperature control.

Q. What are the Applications of Reaction Vessels?

Ans. Reaction vessels find extensive applications across diverse industries. The reaction vessels used in the Chemical Industry for the synthesis, extraction, and purification processes are instrumental in the production of a range of chemicals and compounds. These vessels are necessary in the Pharmaceutical Industry for drug development, as they allow for the production of pharmaceutical compounds under standardized conditions. They are used in the Food Industry for the fermentation processes which involve the transformation of raw materials (e.g. beer, yogurt, and cheese) using microorganisms, and employ reaction vessels. They help in the preparation and blending of the ingredients of the paint in the Paints and Coatings Industry to ensure that the quality is uniformly good. The reaction vessels are used in the Petrochemical Industry for processes like catalytic cracking and reforming in the refinement of petroleum to produce useful products.

Q. What are Reaction Vessels made of?

Ans. The main materials used for the reaction vessels are glass or stainless steel. Glass reactors made of borosilicate glass which is highly resistant to heat and chemical corrosion are normally employed in small-scale laboratory experiments. Stainless steel reactors are preferred in larger industrial applications. Material selection depends on aspects such as the type of a reaction, operating conditions as well and the relevant industry for the application of a reaction vessel.

Q. What is the difference between a pressure vessel and a reaction vessel?

Ans. The pressure vessel is designed to enclose and withstand the internal pressure developed in the liquid, gas, or vapor. It is mainly for the storage or movement of substances in a pressurized state, without the need for chemical reactions. In contrast, a reaction vessel provides the necessary environment for reactions. It creates a condition that enables reactants to interact so as to generate intended commodities. While both vessels may be constructed to withstand high pressures, the key distinction lies in their purpose: containment is emphasized in pressure vessels while reaction vessels are designed for controlled chemical conversions.