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  • Black Caraway Oil As per schedule DaysAll IndiaTelegraphic Transfer (T/T), Cheque, Cash in Advance (CID), Cash Advance (CA)SeedsYesSample costs shipping and taxes has to be paid by the buyer
  • Pure Cinnamon Leaf Oil We are an eminent manufacturer and exporter of Pure Cinnamon Leaf Oil in Delhi, Delhi, India. The offered oil is acquired by the steam filtration of Cinnamomum Zylanicum Nees leaves. This oil has a distinct and str...We are an eminent manufacturer and exporter of Pure Cinnamon Leaf Oil in Delhi, Delhi, India. The offered oil is acquired by the steam filtration of Cinnamomum Zylanicum Nees leaves. This oil has a distinct and strong aroma. It is widely utilized for muscular pains, arthritis, flu, colds, menstrual ......
  • Cumin Seed Oil We are dealing in business as manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Cumin Seed Oil in Delhi, Delhi, India.Acne: According to the Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery, applying a lotion prepared with 10 perc...within 1 WeekAll IndiaAsiaOthers, Cash Against Delivery (CAD)
    Response Rate81.42
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  • Agarwood Oil To fit the needs of our patrons, we are engaged in exporting, manufacturing and distributing of Agarwood Oil in Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. India is extensively famous across the globe for its wide varieties of high quali...To fit the needs of our patrons, we are engaged in exporting, manufacturing and distributing of Agarwood Oil in Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. India is extensively famous across the globe for its wide varieties of high quality flower extracts. The reason behind such wide product-line is the easy availability ......
  • Certification : ISO 22000: 2005
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  • Pure Agarwood Oil We are a major manufacturer, exporter and supplier of Pure Agarwood Oil in Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. To provide excellent quality, our oud oil product has been extracted from various wild wood type Aggarwood. Our ... Price : 14 USD ($) 5 to 6 working days DaysDelhiAAAMiddle EastAll type & within wooden box
  • Group I Oil PRODUCT NAME : GROUP I OIL Better grade of petroleum base oil, which may be partially produced by Hydrocracking. All impurities will be removed from the oil leading to clearer color. API defines group II as "base ...3-4 DAYS WeekAll IndiaAsiaLetter of Credit at Sight (Sight L/C), Letter of Credit (L/C), Cheque, Cash in Advance (CID)Within a certain price range free samples are availableEVERY WEEK Per Week
  • Base Oils Base Oils are ideal to be utilized for the production varied products such as motor oil, metal processing fluids and lubricating greases. One of the most key factors is the viscosity of liquid at different temperatures...Base Oils are ideal to be utilized for the production varied products such as motor oil, metal processing fluids and lubricating greases. One of the most key factors is the viscosity of liquid at different temperatures. It is processed from refining crude oil with advanced oil distillation technique ......
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  • Nutriorg Certified Organic Black Seed Oil Nutriorg Black Seed oil is extracted from certified organic black seed.Nutriorg Certified organic Black Seed oil is good for immunity.Nutriorg certified organic black seed oil is 100% pure and Raw.Nutriorg Cer... Price : 350-400 INR USDA NPOP&NOP WHO GMP ISO 22000:2005 HACCAP FSSAI 9001:2015Organic5-7 DaysAll India
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  • Industrial Grade Base Oils Remain optimistic for consistent company growth, we are engaged as trader and exporter of Industrial Grade Base Oils in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. We deal in all kinds of base oils group 1 ,Group2 ,& Group 3 from I...within 1 WeekAll IndiaOthers, Cash Against Delivery (CAD)
  • Carrot Seed Oils We are Exporting, Manufacturing and Supplying to our well-known customers quality confirmed reach of Carrot Seed Oils in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. Being enriched with nutrients, in particular with vitamin A, beta-ca...We are Exporting, Manufacturing and Supplying to our well-known customers quality confirmed reach of Carrot Seed Oils in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. Being enriched with nutrients, in particular with vitamin A, beta-carotene and anti-oxidants, carrot tissue infused oil is viewed to be one of the crucial ......
  • Black Cumin Seed Oil We are actively engaged in offering a vast array of Black Cumin Seed Oil that Fights against the fungal infection that results in the reduction of skin irritation and allergy. It helps in soothing inflammation a... Price : 4200 INR We are actively engaged in offering a vast array of Black Cumin Seed Oil that Fights against the fungal infection that results in the reduction of skin irritation and allergy. It helps in soothing inflammation and makes the skin glow. Highly demanded by the customers for their effectively fight ......
  • Cotton Seed Oil We have emerged as the foremost Exporter, Supplier, Trading Company of A Grade Quality Cotton Seed Oil in Mersin, Icel, Turkey. Our Cotton Seed Oil are sourced from the trusted vendors to ensure their high nutritional va...We have emerged as the foremost Exporter, Supplier, Trading Company of A Grade Quality Cotton Seed Oil in Mersin, Icel, Turkey. Our Cotton Seed Oil are sourced from the trusted vendors to ensure their high nutritional value. We are never compromise with the Product quality, quality is our first priority ......
    Certification : HALAL,KOSHER,ISO
  • Cumin Oil Silverline chemicals is a reliable Exporter, Manufacturer & Supplier Cumin Oil in Panipat, Haryana, India.The essential oil of cumin is extracted from its dried and crushed seeds through a process of steam disti...Silverline chemicals is a reliable Exporter, Manufacturer & Supplier Cumin Oil in Panipat, Haryana, India.The essential oil of cumin is extracted from its dried and crushed seeds through a process of steam distillation. Cumin is scientifically known as Cuminum Cyminum. Cumin is quite popular as ......
    Response Rate0.19
  • Black Seed Oil Backed by rich industry experiences, we are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Black Seed Oil in Delhi, India. Black seed oil has been shown to have antioxidant properties, and it may reduce inflammation. Nigella sativa ... Price : 390 INR All IndiaAVAILABLE IN 5, 10,20,25, 50,200 LITRESYesPungent30-50 TONS Per Month
    Certification : FSSAI, GMP, ISO 9000-2015
  • Hazelnut Oil Backed by a team of diligent experts, we have been able to manufacture, export and trade a wide range of Hazelnut Oil in Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Description:Hazelnut oil is wonderful carrier oil made o...sgs10 days max Months Kuala LumpurAll IndiaDrumsTelegraphic Transfer (T/T)
    Certification : Registration document
  • Synthetic Base Oil We are an acclaimed manufacturer of Synthetic Base Oil to our highly valued clients. This oil is blended using qualitative components procured from our reliable vendors along with the help of state-of-the-art machine...We are an acclaimed manufacturer of Synthetic Base Oil to our highly valued clients. This oil is blended using qualitative components procured from our reliable vendors along with the help of state-of-the-art machinery at our unit. Synthetic Base Oil ensures utmost performance, safe usage, long ......
  • Bergamot Oils Being the most reputable organisation guided by using skilled and informed professionals, we are Exporting, Manufacturing and Supplying a high-quality assured assortment of Bergamot Oil in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Ind...Uttar PradeshCash Against Delivery (CAD), Cash Advance (CA), Cash in Advance (CID), Cheque, Days after Acceptance (DA)YesContact us for information regarding our sample policy
  • Recycled Base Oil Sn 500 Our company has sculpted a remarkable place in the market in manufacturing and exporting Recycle Base Oil SN 500 . Offered oil is produced by means of refining crude oil, this means that crude oil is heated in order t...Our company has sculpted a remarkable place in the market in manufacturing and exporting Recycle Base Oil SN 500 . Offered oil is produced by means of refining crude oil, this means that crude oil is heated in order that various distillates can be separated from another. During the heating process ......
  • Base Oil With the help of our team of experts, our company known as a leading Exporter, Manufacturer & Supplier of Base Oil in Tehran, Tehran, Iran. The purity of base oils means that your additive packages can be optimized to me...With the help of our team of experts, our company known as a leading Exporter, Manufacturer & Supplier of Base Oil in Tehran, Tehran, Iran. The purity of base oils means that your additive packages can be optimized to meet performance objectives at lower treat rates and reduced cost. Your formulators ......
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  • Pure Black Cumin Seed Oil We are the Manufacturer, Distributor, Supplier and Exporter of Pure Black Cumin Seed Oils in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. Our product is 100% pure and natural. It's a Non-GMO Cold Pressed with Russian Technology. ... Price : 5 USD ($) ISO 9001: 2015, MSDS, GMP4-5 working days DaysMumbai Nhava ShevaAll IndiaWestern Europe, Eastern Europe, South America, North America, Central America, Australia, Asia
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  • Pure Natural Rosehip Oil Owing to the rich industrial experience and expertise in this business, we are involved in manufacturing, exporting, distributing and supplying of Pure Natural Rosehip Oil in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.It helps redu...Others, Cash Advance (CA)
  • Premium Quality Base Oil Acknowledged for our reliable and flexible business terms, we are precisely engaged as manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Premium Base Oil in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Base Oil is the name given to the lubr...2 WeekJebel ALiAll IndiaAsia, Middle East, AfricaFlexi Tank DrumsCash Advance (CA), Letter of Credit (L/C)
  • Base Oil BASE OIL S...BASE OIL SN-150
    Response Rate4.35
    Buyer Feedback
  • Rich Aroma Agarwood Oils Enriched by our vast industrial experience in this business, we are manufacturing, exporting and supplying a wide range of Rich Aroma Agarwood Oils in Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India. Our offered range is widely appre... Price : 29992.09 INR All IndiaAfrica, Middle East, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, South America, North America, Central America, Australia, AsiaPaypalPure Essential Oils
  • Industrial Grade Base Oil 350 We are fastest growing company engaged as supplier, trader and exporter of Industrial Grade Base Oil 350 in Rajkot, Gujarat, India. Base oils are used to manufacture products including lubricating greases, motor oil...within 1 WeekAll IndiaAsiaOthers, Cash Against Delivery (CAD)
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Base Oils
What are Base Oils?
Base Oils (Paraffinic)Base oil is the basic building block of a lubricant. Base oils, also known as lubricant base oils, are a complex mixture of paraffinic, aromatic and napthenic hydrocarbons with molecular weights ranging from medium to high values, which produce oils with desirable viscosities, densities and distillation curves. 

The quality of base oils is determined by their olefinic, nitrogenated and sulfured compound contents. This is determined by the refining process which it undergoes in its cleaning and removing of impurities. In order to meet composition specifications, these oils are submitted to the hydrotreatment (HDT) process before addition of other compounds for commercial production. This process is characterized by the use of operational conditions of low or medium severity so that aromatic distribution is not seriously affected and sulfur compounds are not completely removed. 

Base oils are generally fully saturated and extremely pure, with very low volatility and high viscosity index. The proportions of different hydrocarbon components determine the characteristics of the base oils. Viscosity is a measure of the base oil’s ability to not thicken at low temperatures and not thin out at high temperatures.

Base oils may be refined, re-refined, recycled, or reusable. 

Base oils are produced using an advanced hydrocracking and hydroisomerization process. 

Brief History of Base Oils
  • Group II Base OilLubrication technology evolved slowly from ancient times
  • Naturally occurring petroleum distillates were used as lubrication
  • In the 1950s, solvent-refining technology emerged with its improved lubricant properties
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, hydroprocessing technologies, especially hydrocracking, allowed the manufacture of Group II base oils
  • Group II base oils were recognized as a separate API category in 1993 due to their positive differentiation over previous stocks 
  • Group-III Base OilHydroisomerization processes were developed, which converted wax to very high-quality base oil. Modern hydroisomerization technologies became widely popular after 1993. An abundant supply of Group II oils, having exceptional stability and low-temperature performance. This type of technology is now used to make almost half of all base oils in North America
  • Today Group III base oils are manufactured using modern hydroisomerization. These oils provide equivalent performance to traditional PAO-based (Group IV) synthetic oils for most products and can be manufactured in volumes and at price points unachievable by PAO.
Types of Base Oils 
There are two primary types of base oils as follows: 
Mineral Base Oil  • Mineral base oils
  • Synthetic base oils.

Mineral oils are by-products of refined crude oil. Refining helps reduce impurities but leaves molecules of all shapes and sizes. 

Synthetic oils are man-made compounds the molecules of which are all of the same size and shape. Synthetic oil has less friction and performs better than mineral oils. Here are the common synthetic oils: 
  • Polyalpha-olefin (PAO)
  • Synthetic esters
  • Polyalkylene glycols (PAG)
  • Phosphate esters
  • Alkylated naphthalenes (AN)
  • Silicate esters
  • Ionic fluids.
Phospahate Ester
Characteristics
  • High viscosity index
  • Very low volatility
  • Excellent cold temperature properties 
  • Oxidation properties
  • Thermal stability
  • Fully saturated
  • Colorless
  • Exceptional chemical purity.
Advantages
  • LubricantMaximizes the performance of lubricants 
  • Lower engine oil additive treat cost significantly
  • Provides a net formulation cost advantage without sacrificing premier performance
  • Ideal in applications requiring longer service life under high temperature operating conditions
  • Logical choice for the next generations of premium engine oils
  • Solution for the most demanding lubricant formulations
  • Improve the performance of finished engine oils and other lubricants
  • Free of impurities
  • Helps cut lubricant consumption 
  • Provide fuel economy benefits
  • Improved equipment protection and extended lubricant life
  • Premium performance
  • Ideal base stock for meeting the most stringent new engine oil specifications.
The Manufacturing Process
AsphaltBase oils are made, generally in a refinery, by a number of processes, basically distillation. Distillation under atmospheric pressure removes the gasoline and distillate fuel components, leaving a long residue containing the lube oil and the asphalt. Further distillation under vacuum yields neutral distillates overhead and an asphalt residue. Simple treatment with sulphuric acid, line and clay refines into the final product. 

For a more refined base oil, the coloured, unstable and low VI components are removed. Finally, wax is removed by dissolving the oil into methyl-ethyl ketone (MEK) and chilling and filtering to yield oils with pour points in the -10 to -20o C range. The oils may be "finished" with hydrogen to remove sulphur, nitrogen and colour bodies. 

The major manufacturing process involved is enumerated below:
  • FeedstockFeedstock is separated into distillates and vacuum gas oils
  • Waxy vacuum gas oil molecules flow to the hydrocracker to begin conversion
  • Hydrogen is introduced to saturate the molecules and remove impurities such as nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen and heavy metals 
  • Hydrocracking, under conditions of extreme temperature and pressure in the presence of a catalyst, converts aromatic molecules into saturated paraffins
  • The altered stock turns noticeably lighter in color due to the absence of impurities
  • Long waxy paraffin molecules are restructured into shorter, branched isoparaffins that resist gelling and improve low temperature pumpability 
  • Hydrogen is introduced again to remove any remaining aromatics and impurities, enhancing the oxidation and thermal stability
  • The end product becomes a colorless oil, i.e. base oil.
Processing Costs
Compressors
  • The processing cost of base oils is determined by the following factors: 
  • High value of product and raw material
  • Mandatory compliance with the product oil composition requirements
  • The use of an expensive reactant (hydrogen)
  • Operation at high temperatures and pressures
  • Investment in compressors and specific heterogeneous catalysts.
General Processing Operation
The operational conditions of base oils is based on varied parameters. An optimum process include the following:
  • Composition to a complex structure
  • Reactive process involving heterogeneous catalytic reaction networks
  • Adiabatical operation of the industrial reactor in various hydrogenation stages, under medium and high pressure conditions, multiple hydrogen feeds and with liquid and vapor phases in constant equilibrium
  • The overall process including, in addition to the reactor, etc.
  • Peripheral structures for feed preheating, heat recovery, compression and hydrogen recycling.
Base OilCategories of Base Oils
The API (American Petroleum Institute) has defined five specific categories of base oils by the quality of their viscosity index as follows: 
Group I - Solvent Freezing: They are the least refined containing a mix of different hydrocarbon chains used in less demanding applications
Group II - Hydro Processing and Refining: They have good lubricating properties and are very common in mineral based motor oils
Group III - Hydro Processing and Refining: These are subject to the highest level of mineral oil refining and offer good performance in a wide range of attributes and stability. They are commonly used with additives in the blending product lines
Synthetic Base OilGroup IV - Chemical Reactions: They are chemically engineered synthetic base stocks, which offer excellent performance in lubricating properties and stable chemical compositions
Group V - Ester Synthetic Base Oils: They are chemically engineered synthetic base stocks. They are rarely used due to their high cost and inability to mix readily with gasoline and some other oils. 

All the above mentioned five groups are available in the market and are used for varied purposes. 

Future Trends
Base Oil FeedstockHydroprocessing TechnologyThe trend in the future is directed towards lubricants and base oils with even higher purity, lower volatility and longer life. The molecular structure of base oils will be designed to provide higher lubrication performance. 

A new base oil feedstock is natural gas. A new type of ultra performance Group III base oil from wax derived from natural gas will hit the market. The plants making these super-synthetic base oils will employ the latest hydroprocessing technology.
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